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Jérôme Valette (Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne)

Publié le 13 octobre 2021 Mis à jour le 19 octobre 2021
Date
Le 19 octobre 2021 De 12:30 à 14:00
Complément date
Salle 215

Séminaire recherche. Media Coverage of Immigration and the Polarization of Attitudes

Media Coverage of Immigration and the Polarization of Attitudes

Article co-écrit avec Sarah Schneider-Strawczynski (PSE)

Résumé

 This paper investigates the extent to which media impact immigration attitudes by modifying the salience of this topic. We measure the salience of immigration using original data including all the news covered on the main French national television evening news programs between 2013 and 2017. We combine this information with individual panel data that enable us to link each respondent to his/her preferred TV channel for political information. This allows us to address ideological self-selection into channels with individual-channel fixed effects. In contrast to prior evidence in the literature, we do not find that an increase in the salience of immigration necessarily drives natives’ attitudes in a specific direction. Instead, our results suggest that it increases the polarization of natives by pushing individuals with moderate beliefs toward the two extremes of the distribution of attitudes. We show that these results are robust to controlling for differences in the framing of immigration-related subjects across TV channels. Conversely to priming, framing is found to drive natives’ attitudes in very specific directions. 

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