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Webinaire Junior sur l'économie des migrations

Publié le 31 mai 2021 Mis à jour le 31 mai 2021
Le 07 juin 2021 De 17:30 à 18:20

Filippo Santi

Aid and Internal Migration in Malawi

Coauteurs : Mauro Lanati and Marco Sanfilippo


This paper uses geographically disaggregated data to investigate the role of foreign aid as a pull factor for internal migration in Malawi over the period 1998-2008. Employing a standard gravity model of migration, we show a positive relationship between the volume of foreign assistance a district receives and the number of immigrants. While aid makes districts more attractive as migrant destinations, there is no evidence of a corresponding push factor effect on internal mobility. We also dig deeper into the mechanisms through which foreign aid can shape internal migration decisions. According to our results, the positive welfare effects of foreign assistance manifest themselves not only through a rise in economic opportunities, but also in improved access to public services in recipient districts.