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Joachim de Weerdt et Luc Christiaensen

Publié le 16 juin 2021 Mis à jour le 20 juillet 2021
Le 23 juin 2021 De 17:30 à 18:30
Informations complémentaires :5.30 pm CET

Webinaire : Économie des migrations

When distance drives destination, towns can stimulate development

Co-auteur : Ravi Kanbur


While city migrants see their welfare increase much more than those moving to towns, many more rural-urban migrants end up in towns. This phenomenon, documented in detail in Kagera, Tanzania, begs the question why migrants move to seemingly suboptimal destinations. Using an 18-year panel of individuals from this region and information on the possible destinations from the census, this study documents, through dyadic regressions and controlling for individual heterogeneity, how the deterrence of further distance to cities (compared to towns) largely trumps the attraction from their promise of greater wealth, making towns more appealing destinations. Education mitigates these effects (lesser deterrence from distance, greater attraction from wealth), while poverty reduces the attraction of wealth, consistent with the notion of urban sorting. With about two-thirds of the rural population in low-income countries living within two hours from a town, these findings underscore the importance of vibrant towns for inclusive development.

Lire le papier (World Bank - Policy Research WP 9622)