Fieldwork in the main pastoral areas of Senegal and Chad

Published on April 25, 2018 Updated on June 7, 2018
Camels - Wadi Fira region
Camels - Wadi Fira region
Dates

on the April 25, 2018

Cerdi in the Field

Context

Pastoral area in Senegal in Chad, FAO, 2014

Pastoralism is one of the main activity in Sahelian countries like Senegal and Chad, which are my fields of study for my thesis.

The pastoral zone of Senegal is located in the north-east of the country with an area of about 67 610 km2 or nearly a third of the national territory. However, livestock sector is more important in the case of Chad where rangelands are estimated at 84 million hectares or 65% of the national territory. The economic importance of livestock appears through its contribution to national GDP of 3.9% in Senegal and 14% in Chad in 2010.

 

 











Climate variability and income inequalities in Sahelian pastoral and agro-pastoral zones

Pastoral area in Senegal, Dia, 2009

In my thesis, I study the impact of climate variability on the income of pastoral and agro-pastoral households of Senegal and Chad, and their adaptation strategies to climate shocks. I also examine how climate variability affects inequalities. Pastoral activity faces a context marked by the recurrence of climatic crises and a strong spatio-temporal irregularity in the distribution of rains. Sahelian pastoral and agro-pastoral households use mobility and diversification as adaptation strategies to secure their production systems and livelihoods. However, these strategies are characterized by complex relationships, which hide multi-level recourses but also various form of inequalities.

I work on a database collected by the CIRAD (Wane et al., 2016) to evaluate incomes in pastoral systems. These data concern a sample of 237 and 500 pastoral households respectively in Senegal and Chad. During the last summer, I conducted surveys with the same groups of herders to better understand their perception of climate variability and their adaptation strategies.

Heterogeneity of income and adaptation strategies in Sahelian pastoral systems

The first results show large income disparities among the different types of pastoralists and among pastoral areas. According to field surveys, pastoralists perceived the impact of climate change and variability through delayed rainy season, rainfall breaks, rising temperatures and the recurrence of droughts over the past 20 years. In this context, different adaptation strategies are put in place according to the sites and pastoral households. This fieldwork allowed me to clarify the assumptions of the model I am working on. Now, I am looking forward to return to Chad this summer for further investigations. This time I will participate in quantitative surveys to collect the data I need to check my model assumptions.

Références

Dia, D. (2009), Les territoires d’élevage laitier à l’épreuve des dynamiques politiques et économiques: éléments pour une géographie du lait au Sénégal. Thèse de doctorat en Géographie. UCAD, Dakar.

FAO (2014), Capitalisation des appuis au Développement Pastoral au Tchad, Rapport de capitalisation, Mai 2014

Wane A., Touré I., Mballo A.D., Nokho C.I., Dème A. (2016). Construction d’une méthode de collecte d’informations et d’analyse des revenus monétaires des pasteurs sahéliens, Rapport de référence pour le Comité permanent inter-états de lutte contre la sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS), élaboré dans le cadre du projet PRAPS